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Fertility Issues

Fertility Issues

Most cases of female infertility are caused by problems with ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. ... Less common causes of fertility problems in women include: Blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy.

General Cause of Infertility
  • Ovulation Disorder. There are a variety of reasons a woman may have no ovulation or irregular ovulation cycles. ...
  • Low Sperm Count. ...
  • Poor Sperm Health. ...
  • Blocked Fallopian Tubes. ...
  • Endometriosis. ...
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ...
  • Poor Egg Health. ...
  • Anti-sperm Antibodies.
Male Infertility Causes
  • Varicocele. A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. ...
  • Infection. ...
  • Ejaculation issues. ...
  • Antibodies that attack sperm. ...
  • Tumors. ...
  • Undescended testicles. ...
  • Hormone imbalances. ...
  • Defects of tubules that transport sperm.
  • Chromosome defects.
  • Problems with sexual intercourse
  • Celiac disease.
  • Certain medications.
  • Prior surgeries.
  • Illicit drug use
  • Alcohol use.
  • Tobacco smoking.
  • Emotional stress
  • Being exposed to toxins
  • Overheating the testicles
  • Having experienced trauma to the testicles
  • Having a history of undescended testicles
  • Being born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder
  • Having certain medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses, such as sickle cell disease
Female Infertility Causes
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • A previous infection.
  • Polyps in the uterus.
  • Endometriosis or fibroids.
  • Scar tissue or adhesions.
  • Chronic medical illness.
  • A previous ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
  • A birth defect.
  • Irregular periods. The average woman's cycle is 28 days long. ...
  • Painful or heavy periods. Most women experience cramps with their periods. ...
  • No periods. ...
  • Symptoms of hormone fluctuations. ...
  • Pain during sex. ...
  • Changes in sexual desire. ...
  • Testicle pain or swelling. ...
  • Problems maintaining erection.
Various treatments available for fertility
  • Ovulation Induction
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • In vitro fertilization (In Vitro Fertilisation)
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)(Test Tube Baby)